Supplemental content for chapter 1

QR 1-1. Learning from other Industries

Supplemental content for chapter 2

QR 2-1. Constructing Pipelines

QR 2-2. Pipeline Safety

QR 2-3. Pumps and Compressors

QR 2-4. Pipeline Stresses

QR 2-5. More about pipeline principles

Supplemental content for chapter 3

QR 3-1. Figure 3.7 enlarged

QR 3-2. Video showing U-ing

QR 3-3. Video showing O-ing

QR 3-4. Video showing inside welding

QR 3-5. Video showing outside welding

QR 3-6. Video showing expansion

QR 3-7. Tube ring hydraulic pressure tests

QR 3-8. Ductile fracture propagation

QR 3-9. Offshore applications

Supplemental content for chapter 4

QR 4-1. Flowchart on accessibility, negotiability, and propulsion

QR 4-2. Tool selection

Supplemental content for chapter 5

QR 5-1. Additional information on external corrosion

QR 5-2. Additional information on CP potential surveying

QR 5-3. Additional information on corrosion caused by SRB.

QR 5-4. Microbiological corrosion

QR 5-5. Additional information on carbonate cracking.

Supplemental content for chapter 6

QR 6-1. Additional information on sweet corrosion/

QR 6-2. Additional information on sour service/

QR 6-3. Additional information on bacterial corrosion/

QR 6-4. Additional information on top of the line corrosion/

QR 6-5. Additional information on corrosion inhibitors/

Supplemental content for chapter 7

QR 7-1. Images-of-cracks-in-pipelines

QR 7- 2. Gouges and Hard Layers

QR 7-3. Fatigue in Pipelines

QR 7-4. Stresses in Pipelines Caused by Internal Pressure

Supplemental content for chapter 8

QR 8-1. Photos of damage to pipelines

QR 8-2. Gouges and Hard Layers

QR 8-3. Assessment of Gouges

QR 8-4. Fatigue Assessment of Dents

QR 8-5. Dent Assessment using Strain

QR 8-6. Corrosion Assessment

QR 8-7. Protecting Pipelines

Supplemental content for chapter 9

QR 9-1. Comparison between threats to onshore and submarine pipelines

QR 9-2. HIPPS

QR 9-3. Waves, tides and currents

QR 9-4. Stability

QR 9-5. General Imaging Surveys

Supplemental content for chapter 10

QR 10-1. Fluvial hazards

QR 10-2. Landslides

QR 10-3. Fault movement

QR 10-4. Liquefaction

QR 10-5. Natural subsidence

QR 10-6. Mining subsidence

QR 10-7. Lateral spreading

QR 10-8. Onshore Soil Erosion

QR 10-9. Pipeline monitoring

QR 10-10. Soil-pipe interaction

QR 10-11. Pipeline performance limits

QR 10-12. Inclinometers

Supplemental content for chapter 11

QR 11-1. Steps in Pipe Making

QR 11-2. Pipeline Construction Primer

QR 11-3. History and Background to Materials & Construction Defects

QR 11-4. Primer on Collapse- and Fracture-Controlled Failure

QR 11-5. Components and Loads Primer

QR 11-6. Inclined Laminations

QR 11-7. Early ERW Seam Processes

QR 11-8. HF vs LF ERW Seams

QR 11-9. Hook Cracking

QR 11-10. DSAW Pipe Production

QR 11-11. Geographic Barriers

QR 11-12. Failure Mechanisms

QR 11-13. Defect Response to Increasing Pressure

QR 11-14. Codes and Margins of Safety

QR 11-15. Illustrations of Some Pipeline Defects

QR 11-16. Degradation and Related Cracking

Supplemental content for chapter 12

QR 12-1. Mexican Oil and Drug Cartels: Cocaine and Crude.

QR 12-2. Manual hand tap machine hot tapping.

QR 12-3. Video

Supplemental content for chapter 13

QR 13-1. Case studies in pipeline failures

QR 13-2. ‘Mechanics’ and properties of materials

QR 13-3. Fracture mechanics

QR 13-4. Pipeline defect assessment

Supplemental content for chapter 14

QR 14-1. Probability

QR 14-2. Why do ‘Incidents’ Occur?

QR 14-3. Safety Management Systems

QR 14-4. Safety Culture

QR 14-5. Threats to Onshore and Subsea Pipelines.

QR 14-6. Prescriptive versus Risk-based (goal-setting) Approaches to Integrity Management

QR 14-7. Example of a Qualitative and Quantitiative Risk Assessment

QR 14-8. Data Management in Pipeline Integrity Management

QR 14-9. Cost of life

QR 14-10. ‘Zero Failures’

QR 14-11. Uncertainty, and the ‘Rare Event’

QR 14-12. Inspection and Surveillance of Pipelines

QR 14-13. New Threats to Pipelines